It is home to over 1.2 billion people, making it the second most populous country in the world.
Poverty endures in many regions, especially rural areas. It's shocking to learn that more than 20% of the population lives below the poverty line. A tenth of people lack access to clean drinking water, and health care is a major concern with overall life expectancy at only 65.
India contains the highest number of illiterate people in the world, with only 62% of adults able to read and write. In most regions, girls and women are less likely to be able to read and write than their male counterparts.
- More than 400,000 children under five years-old die from preventable diseases –diarrhoea and pheumonia.
- School attendance is low and child labour is an ongoing problem. More than one in ten children between the ages of five and fourteen is involved in child labour, with many of these involved in trafficking.
- As HIV/AIDS has risen across the country, the number of children without parental care has increased.
- 29.5% of the total population, were living below the poverty line in 2011-12
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